On top of a hill not too far from Yogyakarta, Indonesia, there lies an ancient structure in the shape of a giant stupa, and known as the largest Buddhist temple in the world. People called the structure : Candi Borobudur or Borobudur Temple. The name Borobudur itself came from an old inscription dated in 842, called Tri Tepusan inscription, which stated that there was a very big temple on top of a hill, and the temple was known as Sambhara Buddhara.
Built in the 9th century by Smarattungga the greatest king of Syailendra Dinasty who rule the region at that time. Some old inscriptions said that the temple was actually built by Smarattungga’s father, Dharanindra, and inaugurated by his daughter Pramodhawardhani. It was in Smarattungga era, however, the work on the great temple had been completed. For about 150 years after the inauguration, Borobudur became the spiritual centre of Buddhism in Java, then it was lost, which may be caused by the eruption of the nearby Mt. Merapi. The temple then rediscovered again in the eighteenth century.
Up till now, Borobudur is both a shrine to the Lord Buddha and a place for Buddhist pilgrimage. Anybody who visit the temple and climb to the top level of the temple at dawn will get a peaceful feeling while at the same time amazed by the beautiful landscape surrounding the temple.